How it works
Scientists and engineers who have investigated scale formation in various industrial systems have determinate that although CaCO3 and MgCO3 form most of the mass in lime type scale , they require silica (SiO2), Alumna (Al2O3) , or calcium sulfate (CaSO4) to act as a cementing agent to bind them together.
The CIS-Tool consist of many dissimilar metals and semiprecious metals that form a special electrochemical catalyst. In addition, the core is configured to prevent flow restriction while providing a high degree of turbulence and increased physical contact between the ions and molecules in the water and the core itself, in order to maximize catalytic efficiency.
Crude consist of four factions, namely oil constituents, resin, asphaltene and preasphaltenes (i.e. carbene and carboid ) the chemical and physical properties of crude oils depend significantly on the relative amounts of each faction and their properties. The asphaltenes usually contain more condensed aromatic compounds than the resin and oil factions do. The resins contain aromatic or napthenic hydrocarbons and components of the oil factions may have napthenic or paraffin structures. Asphaltenes and preasphaltenes in their natural state exist in micelle form. Peptized with resin molecules. The center of this micelle can be metal, clay or water.
The essential feature is that the polar groups ( such S- and/or N- and/or O- containing groups) are concentrated towards the center and produce in water-in-oil emulsion. When crude oil flows into a wellbore, its pressure and temperature decreases. Paraffin and water are released from the water-in-oil emulsion, with the paraffin solidifying at the reduce temperature condition.
The CIS system provides an electrochemical change, which stabilizes the water-in-oil emulsion structure and prevents paraffin from being released from the micelle structure and thus forming solid states.
Corrosion is inhibited if the iron is made more negative compared to its surroundings, forcing the anode areas to act as cathodes. This can be accomplished by attracting some of the polarized molecules (supplied by the CIS-Tool) onto the anodic areas. Thus preventing the ionization of the Fe atoms. The additional polarized molecules also dissolve rust by breaking it into fine colloidal particles. This is done for metal other than iron.
In accordance with the electro negativities of chemical elements and the oxidation potentials of the elements listed in the Electro negativity Scale and the Electromotive Series respectively, the CIS-Tool provides electrons to the fluid solution in a catalytic manner to reduce electron deficiencies in the fluid solution.
This enables electrochemical changes to occur that inhibit scale and corrosion formation , dissolve existing scale corrosion, increase the wetness and cleaning power of water, decrease the gaseous content of water, break down and leach away excess salts from soil, and inhibit algae fungus and mildew growth.
Because of the bipolar (cathodic and anodic) nature of all formed metals, the CIS-Tool removes electrons from some negative ions. However , the CIS-Tool provides a significant net increase of electrons for the ions and colloids in the fluid solution, resulting in inhibition of undesirable oxidation reactions, increase of beneficial reduction reactions and keeping/putting of scale binding particles and rust/corrosion particles in colloidal suspension by providing them with negative charges.